The ability of governments to achieve their social and economic goals with limited resources is dependent upon the efficiency, transparency and flexibility of public administration institutions. Even though economic advancement is witnessed worldwide, certain economies are marked with a very interesting paradox - accelerated economic progress on one hand, and extreme social & economic inequality, particularly for women, girls, marginalised & vulnerable groups on the other. Social inclusion and gender equality are therefore critical to achieving long-term development goals that significantly improves the lives of the world's poorest people.
IPE Global works in partnership with development agencies, governments and NGOs to create solutions for achieving inclusive, sustainable social and economic development. We have successfully conceptualised and implemented assignments with a focus on integrating gender equality and social inclusion as cross cutting issues in all aspects of social and economic programming including private sector development and urban planning, community empowerment, slum development, poverty reduction policies & capacity building, participatory learning & appraisal, community mobilisation, economic development, voice and accountability, behaviour change communication, design of social safety nets, beneficiary analysis, satisfaction surveys, poverty tracking and monitoring systems.
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UN Women supported Bangladesh in implementing the country’s legislation and National Action plans for the Elimination of Violence against Women (EVAW), as articulated by the UN General Assembly. IPE Global assisted the Government in conducting costing studies on implementing the Domestic Violence Act (DVA), 2010 in order to quantify the resources needed to deliver an integrated, multi-disciplinary package of services for women and girls subjected to domestic violence.
"Maanda" builds on the work of Comic Relief in tackling poverty, focusing specifically on work that addresses violence against women, leadership and participation of women and girls, economic empowerment of women farmers, women and girls' uptake of high quality sexual and reproductive health services, and girls' access, retention and attainment in quality education. We designed the monitoring, evaluation and learning framework for Comic Relief’s work that supports women's empowerment and we provided mentoring support and capacity strengthening for civil society projects working in different sectors including health, education, trade, enterprise and employment.
IPAP supported seven UK based International Non-Government Organisations (INGOs) namely, Action Aid, Christian Aid, Oxfam India, Save the Children, Skillshare International, Voluntary Services Overseas and WaterAid, to work together to combat social exclusion and discrimination faced by socially excluded and marginalised groups and communities (Dalits, Adivasis, Muslims, Urban poor and Persons with Disabilities) in 191 districts across 23 states in India. IPE Global provided technical and management support both to DFID and the seven partner INGOs to facilitate implementation and results by providing efficient and accurate finance and audit management, capacity building of the partner INGOs and Civil Society Organisations (CSOs), support in programme monitoring and the management and administration of knowledge funds.
AREAP aimed to improve access to high quality relevant data, evidence and analysis for African citizens, non-state actors and policy makers to advocate for pro-poor socio and economic policies and practices across all African countries in the African Union. We managed the Learning Hub and supported three major non-government agencies working at national, regional and continental levels in Africa through civil society coalitions to assess the evidence for holding decision-makers to account for treaties, protocols and policies that protect human rights and promote a poverty reduction and gender equality agenda. We produced a series of case studies for audiences that include DFID, The World Bank, UN, governments and civil society and also developed an approach for evaluating value for money in complex empowerment and accountability work.
The Government of India is planning to introduce Conditional Cash Transfers (CCTs) to address operational leakages, poor quality of food materials and high transaction costs to deliver Supplementary Nutrition Programme under the Integrated Child Development Services programme. The CCTs will be piloted in 100 districts across the country. While Government of India’s (GoI’s) premier policy ‘think tank’, NITI Aayogis steering this ambitious reform agenda, the Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD), Government of India will be the anchor ministry. IPE Global worked with the Children’s Investment Fund Foundation (CIFF) and the Government of India through the NITI Aayog and the MWCD to structure conditional cash transfers (CCTs) and the incentive mechanisms to improve maternal and child nutrition. We designed the operational and logistical model of the CCTs, and the cash flow architecture for CCT with systemic intelligence to capture the central and the state share along with other nutritional parameters to report progress.
The CT-OVC programme is implemented by the Ministry of East African Community, Labour and Social Protection (MEACLSP) and is funded by the Government of Kenya (GoK), UNICEF, The World Bank, DFID and SIDA. IPE Global is contributing to the monitoring and evaluation framework including an endline survey for an impact evaluation on the Cash Transfer for Orphans and Vulnerable Children (CT-OVC) programme in Kenya. A baseline survey was conducted in 2012 and this endline survey, conducted by IPE Global will be the final round of survey data collection expected as part of this impact evaluation.
Aimed at social inclusion and gender equality, OGIP focussed on improving secondary school enrolment, attendance and completion rates of Scheduled Caste (SC) and Scheduled Tribe (ST) students in Odisha through a system of direct transfer of scholarships; organising learning hubs, knowledge uptake and safe transport. To enhance the transition and attendance rates of girls & boys in grade 8, 9 and 10, and increase the graduation rates to higher secondary education, IPE Global designed and managed a secure and sustainable cash transfer system for scholarships to disadvantaged boys and girls, across 30 districts in Odisha with funds paid directly into their bank accounts. IPE Global piloted the learning hubs for remedial education and safe transport for improving attendance of disadvantaged students. We also provided three years of strategic advice to the Ministry of Tribal Affairs (MoTA) to help set up and monitor its national scholarship funds and other education schemes for disadvantaged students thereby replicating successful aspects of the Odisha model across other states.
IPE Global is providing Technical Assistance to Government of Bihar (GoB) to design and implement reforms to trigger private investment, strengthen the MSME sector and boost employment opportunities in the state. Access to technical education and social security programmes are key components led by IPE Global and they are designed to achieve a measurable increase in the enrolment of women, SCs and Minorities in state technical institutes; build capacity of Directorate of Employment and Training within Labour Resources Department; and assist in analysing and communication of data across various departments to facilitate their resource planning processes.
Supported by Government of UK’s Department for International Development (DFID), ICRG seeks to facilitate more effective investment in rural infrastructure under Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) to support rural economic growth and improve the climate resilience of vulnerable people in India, especially women and girls. The intended outcome of the programme is improved quality of the physical assets under MGNREGS demonstrated in 103 blocks of three states (Bihar, Chhattisgarh and Odisha) in India.
IPE Global is providing specialist technical support to the Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India and State level departments implementing MGNREGS in Bihar, Odisha and Chhattisgarh. The support will build the capacities of the administrative and technical staff at national and state levels, so they are better equipped to both reduce the vulnerabilities of rural communities and generate the evidence for expanding this approach for greater impact nationally and internationally.
Ethiopia Safe Space Programme (ESSP) contributed to improved personal, social, health, safety, education and financial outcomes for 2,000 adolescent girls in Amhara and Oromia regions of Ethiopia – building girls’ confidence, skills and knowledge as they progress through adolescence. ESSP was a pilot programme designed to test an approach for national scale-up. ESSP contributes to achievement of SDG-5 ‘Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls’. IPE Global completed coâ?design of the programme, with Federal Government of Ethiopia (GoE), (MoH, MoE, MoWCA) and other stakeholders, and developed an implementation plan for a nationwide Safe Spaces programme. In addition, we implemented Phase 1 of the programme in Amhara and Oromia regions. In addition, developed a sustainable scaleâ?up plan, including building the capacity of GoE, (MoH, MoE, MoWCA) to implement and manage Phase 2 of the programme.
RajPusht is a highly ambitious programme in Rajasthan to reform the Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS) to make it functional and effective in addressing maternal and child malnutrition. It aims to reduce the prevalence of low birthweight and wasting in children under 3 years by combining behaviour change messaging with the replacement of the Integrated Childhood Development Services (ICDS), Take Home Rations with cash transfers to pregnant women, as well as to mothers of children under 3 years.
Contracted by the Children’s Investment Fund Foundation (CIFF), IPE Global is working with the Government of Rajasthan to effectively deliver cash to Pregnant and Lactating Women with focus on two districts - Udaipur and Baran. This will be complemented with a large scale behaviour change strategy on maternal and infant nutrition to improve mothers’ and family practices around nutritious food. IPE Global will evaluate the programme’s results and create a multi-stakeholder consensus at the national level to demonstrate effective approaches for improving child nutrition. The programme will also capture lessons to enrich global knowledge on cash transfers.
The Council for Agriculture and Development (CARD), Cambodia supported by UNICEF, designed a pilot cash transfer project in 2013 targeting pregnant women and children under-five from the poorest quintile to improve the financial ability of poor households to provide adequate nutrition. Overall, the pilot project hoped to address the access barriers for those living in poverty face in terms of health and nutrition services. IPE Global is undertaking a formative evaluation to assess results and foster learning to improve the cash transfer mechanism. The evaluation assesses both the programme design & effectiveness, and the quality of implementation. The evaluation also examines women’s preferences and levels of satisfaction. Our approach is aimed at promoting adaptive programming, focusing on fostering understanding of what adjustments are required to achieve results. A cost effectiveness analysis will also be undertaken along with assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of the CARD-UNICEF Cash transfer pilot project versus other cash transfer interventions in Cambodia, such as those implemented by The World Bank and Save the Children.
OMEGA intends to improve the performance of the Government of Odisha's (GoO's) socio-economic and governance schemes and programmes; to help in the promotion and facilitation of investments in the state; and to build capacity for revenue mobilisation and expenditure management. IPE Global is providing design, implementation and programme management support to ensure that specific government departments are equipped to take forward reforms in their respective areas. In addition, we are supporting Go0 to increase access to the poverty alleviation and food security programmes of the Government of India namely, Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MNREGS) and Public Distribution System (PDS). To do this we provide high impact solutions, including, facilitating e-governance for procurement processes, digitisation of the beneficiary database, Grievance Redressal Management System, implementation and enhancement of Supply Chain Management System, design and development of Dashboard Monitoring System, and by conducting social audits.
Udaan aims to reduce pregnancies among adolescent girls in Rajasthan. It adopts a multi-sectoral approach to prevent adolescent pregnancy, layering interventions beyond sexual health, to fundamentally change the way adolescent programming is delivered. The key strategies are: keeping girls in secondary school; strengthening adolescent and health worker knowledge, attitudes and practices of sexual and reproductive health (SRH); expanding the contraception method mix and choices of young women; and involving men and boys. The programme is being implemented with Department of Medical, Health and Family Welfare Department and Department of Education, Government of Rajasthan with focus on pan-state reforms with demonstration of integrated approach in Udaipur and Dholpur districts of the state.
IPE Triple Line conducted a gender audit and impact scan of the programmes and approaches used by the environmental and human rights NGO Global Witness. The review, and a diversity audit conducted a couple of months previously, reflected a growing appreciation of the need to address issues of gender equality within both the organisation and its programmes. This was prompted in part by donor requirements.
In conducting the audit, we examined Global Witness’s work in three main areas to assess whether issues relating to gender equality were relevant and visible, or invisible:
• Corruption including extractives (oil), money laundering and transparency for banks and companies (e.g. regarding ownership, financial flows etc.);
• Forests, land and climate change including palm oil supply chains, illegal logging and forest protection, ending industrial scale logging and tackling exports; and support to small scale forestry; and
• Conflict and fragile states, particularly the link to revenues and corruption associated with extractive industries including minerals such as gold, tantalum, oil and jade.
The review included a desk study and primary research. We provided advice and guidance on how Global Witness could mainstream gender and social inclusion issues into key aspects of their work: e.g., in their analysis of the situation or problem to be addressed; in the identification of policies that could eliminate or reduce practices that harmful to the planet and to people (men and women and the differences between them, based on gender); in advocacy and campaigning; in communications; and in monitoring, evaluation and learning.
IPE Global conducted a gender programmatic review of the second phase of the UN Joint Programme on Local Governance (JPLG II). This involved a desk study of all programme literature as well as interviews in Somaliland, Puntland, Mogadishu and other jurisdictions with UN implementing partners, and government and civil society. IPE also conducted primary research with youth (girls and boys) on their perspectives on local governance. IPE produced a report of findings highlighting how and why all aspects of governance are gendered. We identified future opportunities to ensure that gender and social inclusion are a core part of the future programme. The review process was participatory and included not only reports, presentations and recommendations but discussion, debate and orientation on gender mainstreaming for government and UN partners.
As part of its role as Monitoring and Results measurement partner for the Africa Enterprise Challenge Fund (AECF), IPE Triple Line IPE Triple Line conducted an indepth gender review of the AECF focusing on the Africa Agribusiness portfolio which represents 60% of the $247m fund. The gender review of AECF assessed the extent to which the fund understood gender inequality and social exclusion as a factor in poverty alleviation and to what extent its implementation and monitoring processes took these aspects into account. IPE assess the visibility of gender and social inclusion:
• Within the AECF’s design and implementation processes and systems
• How AECF staff perceive the importance of gender equality and women’s economic empowerment and whether they feel they have sufficient capacity to work on these issues.
• How business owners and managers supported by the AECF through the agribusiness window in particular perceive these issues; and
• Within the fund’s monitoring and evaluation frameworks and results measurement.
IPE produced a learning paper and provided recommendations and guidance to the fund’s multiple donors and those implementing the programme. The findings were far reaching and provide useful lessons and advice for all enterprise challenge funds.
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